Ovarian stimulation using pharmaceutical medication is a customized treatment for each couple in order to achieve the best possible results and to avoid complications.
Women who follow an ovarian stimulation program continue their daily activities normally. Controlled ovarian stimulation is achieved with the application of a special stimulation protocol, the choice of which is tailor-made to fit the couple’s needs.
In general, the drugs used in ovarian stimulation protocols are:
- Gonadotropins, which stimulate the ovaries, are administered in the form of injections (usually subcutaneously, on the abdomen or the thigh with a small insulin-type needle, etc.), around the same time every day, while the dosage (how many ‘units’ of the medication) is adjusted depending on the woman and according to the progress of each cycle.
There are various gonadotropin medications depending on different hormones (FSH, LH, or a combination of them) and their origin (recombinant or human / purified).
- Analogues of GnRH, Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone, which stimulates the release of gonadotropins. The administration of these substances achieves suppression of endogenous gonadotropins in women, (those which her own body produces). This supression allows us to have full control of the situation (since we can adjust the stimulation with gonadotropin injections), and also ensures us that a sudden increase in endogenous LH will not occur. In such a case, the sudden increase would result in a mistimed ovulation and thus inevitable cancellation of the effort.