An in-depth screening process is required to ensure that the chosen donor is healthy and eligible to go through the procedure. Furthermore, the couple needs to undergo a number of blood and hormonal tests as well in order to prepare for the donation cycle.
These tests include laboratory blood tests (blood group, full blood count) and tests for any infectious diseases that might be passed on to the child:
- HIV I,II
- Hepatitis B & C
- VDRL (Test for syphilis)
- CMV, Toxoplasma Ab, Rubella Ab
- Medical history to prevent hereditary problems
- Hormonal Levels
- Karyotype (Genetic screening of the Donor)
- Vaginal Culture (for the female partner / wife)
- Semen Analysis (for the male partner / husband)
Legislation on heterologous artificial fertilization
Women up to 50 years old can have access to any Medically Assisted Reproduction process after providing a written consent. In case of unmarried couples or single women, a notarial deed is necessary so that they can have access to assisted reproduction. Sperm donation is permitted for men up to 40 years old, while oocyte donors must be up to 35 years old. The use of frozen semen is only allowed.
The identity of the donor of reproductive material is not to be disclosed to the persons who want to have a child. Medical information concerning the donor is kept strictly confidential. Access to this information is permissible only for the child’s medical benefit. The identity of the child and its parents is not disclosed to the donor.